Friday, 29 March 2013

Research Finds Probation Violations Often Involve Drug Offenses

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According to new statistics released by a state agency, probation or parole violations in California are most likely to involve drug offenses.  The study was conducted by the Council of State Government Justice Center, and focused on four California cities-Los Angeles, Sacramento, Redlands and San Francisco.
The study focused on 3 ½ years worth of arrests that were made before a landmark change in California law which required a shift of inmates from state prisons to local county jails, to balance the state prison population.  That action came under the Public Safety Realignment Act that was passed in October 2011
The research found that approximately 22% of all arrests involved people on probation or parole supervision.  Out of these arrests, one out of 3 arrests involved a drug violation or drug offense.  One out of 6 violations was linked to violent crime.
During those 3 ½ years before the Public Safety Realignment Act, the total number of arrests in California dropped by 18%.  However the number of arrests among people who were under parole supervision dropped by approximately 61%.  Of those who are under probation, the arrest numbers declined by as much as 26%.
These are the statistics for these 4 cities, and statewide figures are not available.  San Jose criminal defense attorneys believe that this substantial drop in recidivism rates is most likely due to more effective supervision as well as rehabilitation programs.
According to the data, approximately 30% of the people under supervision under the realignment requirements have committed crimes since their release.  Approximately 57% of those were drug-related crimes.  However, more than 50% of those drug-related crimes involved the lowest levels offenses, like being under the influence of drugs.

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