Wednesday, 25 September 2013

California Bill Makes Publication of Explicit Photographs a Misdemeanor


Disgruntled exes, who post pictures of their former spouses or partners on websites in revenge, could soon be penalized under a new piece of legislation that has recently been approved in California. The bill is still pending Governor, Jerry Brown's signature.
Under the bill, persons who post sexually explicit photographs of other people on websites, with the intent to cause distress, could be penalized. The bill makes some forms of revenge posting a misdemeanor. Violators will be punished with jail time or fines. However, the bill only applies to photos that are taken by others. The photographs must also have been posted online with the intent to cause distress to the person.
The law comes in response to a number of cases being reported from around the country, in which persons, especially women, have had their nude and seminude photographs posted on such revenge porn websites. These photographs were taken when these women were in relationships, and ended up making their way to the websites when the relationship headed south.
Typically, women have very little recourse to criminal action against the posting of such photographs. Most women file civil lawsuits claiming copyright infringement, invasion of privacy, or child pornography. However, they have little legal recourse to holding the person responsible for posting these photographs liable in a criminal court of law.
The California law aims to change that. However, the law is a watered–down version of the original piece of legislation that activists have been pushing for. These activists include women who had their photographs posted on revenge porn websites and their family members sites. These activists say that what is really required is federal legislation that makes such activities a criminal offense.

Wednesday, 28 August 2013

Mother Sues Army for Silence That Led to Abuse of Child


A mother, who claims that the United States Army remained silent on a sex abuse investigation that ultimately allowed the man to abuse and rape her daughter and videotape the proceedings, has sued the military for $30 million.
The man in question has been convicted on child pornography charges and child rape charges involving the girl. The crime was discovered back in 2008 when the child was six years old. However, according to the lawsuit that the mother has now filed against the US Army, the Army failed to warn the child's mother after it began investigating child abuse charges against the man.
Instead, officers went out of their way to assure the mother that she had nothing to worry about regarding the child. The Army also delayed notifying the TennesseeDepartment of Children's Services that the girl was in danger, for a period of 10 months.
The woman has a family relationship with the man, and says that since the ordeal, her life has been shattered. She is a single mother with two children, and has lost her job and house because of the ordeal since the abuse came to light.
The US Army has had a chequered history as far as sexual abuse and sex crimes   investigations are concerned. In fact, the Army has been widely criticized for its poor handling of sex abuse investigations. Congress is currently considering a number of measures that will actually eliminate key decision-making powers that are currently vested in the military, especially when it comes to sex abuse and sex assault investigations. Those powers could be given to civilians and independent prosecutors.

Friday, 23 August 2013

History of Sexual Abuse May Increase Suicide Risks


Drug users who have been subjected to emotional or sexualabuse during childhood may be susceptible to a high risk of suicide or suicidal fantasies as adults. That information comes from a new study that was conducted in Vancouver, Canada, and analyzed more than 1,600 drug users.
The analysis found that drug users, who had a history of physical or sexual abuse in their childhood, had a much higher risk of suicide attempts. In all these cases, the sexual abuse ranged from severe to extreme abuse.
However, interestingly enough, if the abuse was less severe in intensity, it did not necessarily boost the risk of suicide as adults. According to the research, less severe physical or emotional or sexual abuse did not result in any significant increase in suicide risks.
According to the research, as many as 80 of the participants reported that they had made 97 suicide attempts. That is a rate that is five times higher than the suicide rate in the general population. Persons, who had suffered severe to extreme childhood sexual abuse, were much more likely to have attempted suicide. The rate among these persons was 2.9 to 3.5 times higher for emotional abuse, and 2.5 to 2.8 times higher for sexual abuse. In the case of physical abuse, the rate was between 1.62 to twice as high as for the general population.
The researchers recommend that doctors screen for sexual or emotional abuse in a person's history, and intervene whenever the person's history suggests extreme or severe childhood sexual abuse.
A history of sexual abuse can be extremely traumatic for a person. He or she may need years of psychiatric counseling and therapy to recover, and even then, the emotional scars may never completely heal. While no amount of compensation can make up for the trauma, a sexual abuse lawsuit can help a victim recover

Saturday, 27 July 2013

Can I Move Out Of California with My Child?


Sometimes, a custodial parent may have to move out of California for job-related reasons, or for personal reasons.  Whatever the reason, the court may allow a person to move out of the state with a child if it finds that the move is in the child's best interests.
Under California law, you are allowed to move out of the state of California with your child, if you can prove that the move is in the best interests of the child.  The simplest and easiest way to move out of the state with your child is to talk to the other parent, and to work out a visitation schedule, that will help protect the rights of the other parent as well.  This requires great tact and diplomacy on your part. If the move would not hamper the child in any way, and would actually be better for the child, then it is possible for you to successfully explain the situation to the other parent.
However, in case the other parent does not agree to the move, then you may have to file a court request, asking for permission to move with your child.  Such consent is not necessary in those cases where the court has already granted you a child custody order giving you permission to move with your child, without asking for any consent from the other parent. 
However, if you go to court to enforce your rights, the burden of proof is on you to prove that the move would be in the best interests of the child.   The court can move to block custodial parents who want to move if it finds that the move will compromise the welfare of the child.

Sunday, 30 June 2013

String of Accidents Lead to Reduction in Motorcycle Officers

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Every San Jose motorcycle accident lawyer is aware that a motorcycle accident can result in catastrophic injuries, that can keep a person off his feet for weeks or months, and even unable to work.  The Bakersfield Police Department is finding this out the hard way.  The Department has seen many of its motorcycle officers involved in accidents, suffering injuries and unable to return to work, which is why it has decided to reduce the number of its motorcycles.
Just a few years ago, the Police Department boasted of a fleet of 25 motorcycles, but the fleet has been dramatically slashed down to just seven motorcycles.  According to the Police Department, there are several advantages that motorcycles offer during traffic enforcement operations, including maneuverability ability as well as a better view of the activity inside a car.  For instance, a motorcycle officer is much more likely to be able to determine whether a motorist is texting.
However, there have been too many risks associated with motorcycle law enforcement.  Many police officers with the Department have suffered serious injuries in accidents, and several of them had to opt for early retirement because of the catastrophic nature of these injuries.  In some cases, motorcycle officers have spent weeks and even months on disability, because of the nature of their injuries.
Since 2009, when the Police Department noticed ever-increasing number of accidents involving its motorcycle police officers, it has been downsizing its fleet.  According to the Police Department, since 2007 alone, there have been 37 police motorcycle accidents that resulted in injuries to the officer.
Motorcycle officers know that riding motorcycles is inherently more dangerous than traffic enforcement using the police car, but the Bakersfield Police Department is now not willing to take more chances on its officers, and has slashed its motorcycle fleet size. 

More Than One in Three Women Worldwide Victims of Domestic Violence

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Across the world, more than one in three women is a victim of domestic violence. That data was released by the World Health Organization which also confirmed that women in Asia and the Middle East are most affected by domestic violence.
The World Health Organization report is believed to be the very first study of its kind into the prevalence of violence against women and its impact on female health. The agency estimates that worldwide, as many as 30% of women face violence at the hands of their domestic partners.
The World Health Organization confirms that these are shocking statistics, and it also confirms that these statistics are seen across the world. Overall, data from more than 81 countries was analyzed as part of the study, but the World Health Organization did not single out specific countries for their record on domestic violence against women.
The highest incidence of abuse was reported from Asia, especially from India, East Timor and Bangladesh, where as many as 37.7% of all women are affected by domestic violence. In the Middle East, the rate was almost the same at 37%, while sub-Saharan Africa followed with a 6.6% incidence of domestic violence against women. In high-income countries like the United States and Japan, about 23.2% of women are affected by domestic violence.
The World Health Organization data also strongly links domestic violence to crime. According to the World Health Organization data, as many as 38% of female murder victims are killed by their male domestic partners.
Allegations of domestic violence can have a very disruptive effect on a person’s life.  You may face social censure, and may lose access to your children.

Thursday, 6 June 2013

Older Motorcyclists More Likely to Be Injured in Accidents


For years now, researchers and Phoenix motorcycle accident lawyers have known that older and senior motorists are much more likely to be involved in serious or fatal accidents, compared to younger drivers.  Injury risks also seem to be much greater when a senior citizen is riding a motorcycle.
New research published in the journal Injury Prevention finds that when older motorcyclists are involved in an accident, they are approximately 3 times more likely to suffer serious injuries, compared to younger motorcyclists.
The research was conducted by Brown University scientists, who analyzed injury patterns involving motorcycle riders aged 20 and above.  Accidents that occurred in 2001 and 2008 were considered in the study, and in all of these cases, the person suffered injuries that were serious enough to be treated in hospital emergency rooms.
During the study period, the researchers found an estimated 1.5 million injuries among motorcyclists.  The injured motorcyclists were divided based on their age group, 20 to 39, 40 to 59 and 60 and older. 
The researchers found that the number of injuries in all of the three groups increased during the study period, but the motorcyclists belonging to the third group or the above-60 group had the sharpest increase in injuries.  In these people, the injury numbers increased from 4,352 injuries in 2001, to a staggering 15,170 injuries in 2008.
The researchers found that motorcyclists in the third group were as much as three times more likely to be admitted into the hospital after suffering injuries in an accident, compared to riders who were in their 20s and 30s.  Motorcyclists who were in their 40s and 50s were twice as likely as motorcyclists in their 20s to sustain injuries that were serious enough to require hospitalization.

Friday, 31 May 2013

Feds Issue Guidelines to Limit Distracted Driving


The Department of Transportation recently released voluntary guidelines that call on automakers to restrict motorists’ use of distracting technology in automobiles.  However, the Department of Transportation guidelines are entirely voluntary, and the agency has stopped short of requiring these measures which California personal injury lawyers find very disappointing. 
According to the Department of Transportation guidelines, the federal agency is recommending the establishment of special criteria for technologies that require motorists to take their hands off the steering wheel and eyes off the road to use devices.  The guidelines also include a recommendation that car manufacturers limit the time the a driver can take his eyes off the road to perform a task to just 2 seconds at a time, and 12 seconds in all.
The guidelines also recommend that automakers disable several distracting operations unless the vehicle is in stop or park mode.  These include manual texting, typing text messages, browsing on the Internet, video phoning or video conferencing, displaying text messages, and displaying content from WebPages and social media.
What is encouraging about the guidelines is that they take into consideration the fact that many people are using in-car technology not just to make or receive calls on their cell phones, but also to surf the Internet, make restaurant reservations, update their Facebook pages and Twitter statuses, make video calls and perform other Internet-based activities.  The guidelines however would only apply to built-in devices, like navigational devices that are fitted on the dashboard. 
The guidelines were based on a recent study conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that found that using handheld phones and other communication devices increase accident risks by as much as 3 times.

Repeated Brain Injuries Increases Risk of Suicide

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Suicide rates across the United States have increased significantly.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more Americans now commit suicide than die in motor vehicle accidents.  A new study finds that repeated brain injuries are linked to an increased risk of suicide.
Scientists at the National Center conducted the study for American Studies at the University of Utah.  The analysis has found that veterans who suffered repeated brain injuries are much more likely to commit suicide.  What California brain injury lawyers find even more disturbing is that the risk of such suicidal thoughts spikes not only during the short term after the brain injury, but also remains high throughout the veteran’s life.
According to the researchers, this is the very first time that studies have been able to confirm that multiple brain injuries have a link to a spike in suicide rates.  Earlier, studies suggested that there was a link, but this study seems to confirm the link.
The researchers studied 151 patients who had suffered a brain injury during a six-month period in 2009.  All of the soldiers sustained brain injuries during combat duty in Iraq.  One in five soldiers suffered more than one brain injury, and among these, more than 21% reported suicidal thoughts or preoccupation with suicide. 
In those soldiers who had suffered just one brain injury, 6.9% reported similar suicidal thoughts.  When the veterans had no brain injuries, there were absolutely no reports of suicidal thoughts and fantasies.
These findings should be interesting not just to the US Department of Defense which is struggling to control the skyrocketing rates of suicide among veterans returning from combat, but also to the National Football League which is also battling the health effects from repeated concussions, or hits to the head.

Monday, 20 May 2013

4 in 10 Teens Admits to Texting While Driving


As many as four out of every 10 American high school students admit to texting while driving, even though there's evidence that shows that such behaviors increase their risk of being involved in a car accident.
The data that was analyzed by scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention involved 7,800 American high school students who had just received a driver’s license. These drivers were surveyed about their driving habits, and were specifically asked whether they had texted while driving at any point during the past month. About 43% of the respondents in the survey admitted that they had.
Male teenagers were found to be much more likely to text while driving, compared to female teenagers. As many as 46% of the male teenagers responding to the survey admitted to having texted over the past month, compared to 20% of female teenagers. Teenagers were also much more likely to text with an increase in age. Teenagers above the age of 18 were found to be much more likely to text with rates as high as 52%. Among the below-15 age group, the rate was just 26%.
Reading or sending text messages while driving is one of the most dangerous practices for high-risk, inexperienced teenage drivers. It shouldn’t come as a surprise to any Phoenix car accident lawyer that teenagers who text while driving were found to be much more likely to engage in other kinds of risky behaviors. These teenagers were found to be much more likely to engage in unprotected sex, and also much more likely to use indoor tanning devices. They were also much more likely to drive under the influence of alcohol.

Saturday, 27 April 2013

Drinking Beer May Increase Risk of DUI

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Tasting just a small sample of your favorite beer brand may increase a tremendous longing for the beverage, and could actually trigger the urge to drink more.  A new study finds that having a small sample could actually trigger the part of the brain that perceives benefits and rewards, and could boost the urge to drink more. 
A person who gives in to such urges is likely to binge, and if he is operating a vehicle, could easily be arrested for DUI.   
The study was conducted recently at the Indiana University School of Medicine, and found that just a sample of the flavor of beer, without any significant amount of alcohol content, can trigger a dopamine response in the brain, triggering the urge to drink more.  The study has been published in the Journal Neuropsychopharmacology, and according to the researchers, it confirms earlier findings from other studies that have been conducted in the past.  For instance, earlier research has indicated to San Jose DUI lawyers that some rats and mice seem to prefer alcohol, and has also confirmed the presence of certain neurotransmitters in rats that prefer alcohol.
The researchers focused on 49 men, and put these men through two brain scans.  None of these men had any history of alcohol or drug use in the past.  However, all of them seemed to have an affinity for drinking beer, compared to other alcoholic beverages.  Interestingly enough, women were excluded from the study, because it was difficult to find women who admitted to liking beer over other beverages. 
The men were all right-handed, because in most men, the capacity for language exists in the left side of the brain.  The participants were then given 15 ml of their favorite brand of beer, and were tested during this time.  They are also tested while drinking Gatorade.
The researchers found that sampling the flavor of one’s favorite brand of beer seemed to increase the men's desire to drink the beer, compared to the Gatorade.

Saturday, 20 April 2013

Mark Sanford Divorce Documents Leaked


It’s a scandal that couldn't come at a worse time for disgraced former South Carolina Governor Mark Sanford.  The former governor is seeking to contest his old Charleston seat in the upcoming elections, and now divorce-related documents that have recently been published in the Associated Press claim that he trespassed on his wife’s house earlier this year.
Both Sanford and his wife Jenny have insisted that they were not responsible for the leak to the Associated Press.  These divorce documents talk about an alleged incident that occurred earlier this year, in which Sanford trespassed on his ex-wife's home, using a cell phone in as a flashlight. 
Sanford has already released a statement, insisting that on the evening in question, he was at his home with his 14-year-old son watching the Super Bowl.  He insists that he wanted to tell his ex-wife of the situation, and went to her house to inform her.  She was not at home, and he used a cell phone light to find his way around the back steps.
There has been plenty of speculation about the source of the leaked divorce documents, which as any Alabama divorce lawyer knows should have remained sealed.  Both Sanford and his ex-wife insist that it was their understanding that all divorce documents would remain sealed. 
Sanford has openly questioned the timing of the leak of the documents, coming as it does just a few days before this very important election for him.  The election marks his return to public life after the very public collapse of his marriage.  His trip to divorce court was triggered by a long-time extramarital relationship that he had with an Argentinean woman, and allegations that he had used state travel funds to conduct the relationship.

Tuesday, 16 April 2013

Texting Linked to Fatal Medical Helicopter Crash


The result of an investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board confirms that California plane crash lawyers can expect to see greater involvement of cell phones and texting devices in aviation incidents in the future.  The Board has officially confirmed that a fatal medical helicopter crash that occurred in 2011 was at least partly the result of the pilot’s frequent texting during the flight.
The helicopter crashed in Missouri in 2011, and killed the pilot, a paramedic, a flight nurse, as well as the patient who was being transported in the medical helicopter.  According to the National Transportation Safety Board investigation, the pilot was texting on his phone during the flight.  This is believed to be the very first time that texting is being cited as a contributing cause of a fatal commercial aviation incident.
California plane crash lawyers don't believe that that this will be the last time that we see cell phone use by pilots as factors in plane crashes.  According to investigations by the National Transportation Safety Board, the pilot received at least 4 text messages during the flight.  He also sent at least 3 text messages to 2 different cell phones.
The National Transportation Safety Board cites the pilot's texting as only a contributing factor in the crash, and says that the fact that the helicopter took off without enough fuel to complete the journey, was the main cause of the crash.  However, the Board has also admitted that that there were at least 240 text messages that the pilot sent and received during his shift, and has concluded that texting distracted the pilot, thereby contributing to the crash.  The distraction possibly caused him not to notice that the fuel levels were low before he took off.

Friday, 29 March 2013

Research Finds Probation Violations Often Involve Drug Offenses

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According to new statistics released by a state agency, probation or parole violations in California are most likely to involve drug offenses.  The study was conducted by the Council of State Government Justice Center, and focused on four California cities-Los Angeles, Sacramento, Redlands and San Francisco.
The study focused on 3 ½ years worth of arrests that were made before a landmark change in California law which required a shift of inmates from state prisons to local county jails, to balance the state prison population.  That action came under the Public Safety Realignment Act that was passed in October 2011
The research found that approximately 22% of all arrests involved people on probation or parole supervision.  Out of these arrests, one out of 3 arrests involved a drug violation or drug offense.  One out of 6 violations was linked to violent crime.
During those 3 ½ years before the Public Safety Realignment Act, the total number of arrests in California dropped by 18%.  However the number of arrests among people who were under parole supervision dropped by approximately 61%.  Of those who are under probation, the arrest numbers declined by as much as 26%.
These are the statistics for these 4 cities, and statewide figures are not available.  San Jose criminal defense attorneys believe that this substantial drop in recidivism rates is most likely due to more effective supervision as well as rehabilitation programs.
According to the data, approximately 30% of the people under supervision under the realignment requirements have committed crimes since their release.  Approximately 57% of those were drug-related crimes.  However, more than 50% of those drug-related crimes involved the lowest levels offenses, like being under the influence of drugs.

Wednesday, 27 March 2013

Drinking Coffee Reduces Drunk Driver Accident Risks

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Coffee has been universally acknowledged as a perk-me-up, but for a truck driver, this beverage can actually help save lives.  According to a new study, truck drivers who have a high caffeine intake in the form of coffee, tea and caffeinated drinks, may have a much lower risk of accidents, compared to truckers who do not drink caffeine.
The researchers conducted a survey of long-distance commercial truck drivers in Australia.  They were specifically looking at the effects of caffeine in reducing the driver’s likelihood of being involved in an accident.  The survey was conducted between 2008 and 2011 in Western Australia and New South Wales.  A total of 530 truck drivers who had been involved in an accident were compared with 517 truck drivers who had not been involved in an accident in the previous 12 months.
The research found that 43% of drivers reported consuming caffeine in the form of coffee, tea, caffeinated energy drinks and caffeine tablets specifically to stay awake at the wheel.  The analysis found that drivers, who frequently admitted to consuming caffeine in order to help stay awake at the wheel, were 60% less likely to be involved in an accident, compared to drivers who did not consume caffeine.
The results of the study are strong enough for researchers to confirm that caffeine intake could be a significant factor that protects a truck driver from accident risks.
However, Orlando car accident lawyers caution against the excessive use of caffeine to reduce fatigue and avoid drowsy driving.  A truck driver must have periodic sleep, and must take frequent rest breaks in order to remain fresh and rested.  Caffeine is a quick fix to keep sleep away, but driving for long periods of time with only frequent coffee breaks and no rest, is a recipe for disaster.

Hamm Divorce Expected to Be World's Most Expensive


Oklahoma oil billionaire Harold Hamm is in the middle of a divorce battle with his 2nd wife.  In the absence of a prenuptial agreement, his billion-dollar fortune could be up for division, and San Jose divorce lawyers expect this to be one of the world's most expensive divorces.
According to Forbes, Harold Hamm is worth at least $11.3 billion.  Much of that wealth is held in the form of shares of his oil company, Continental Resources.  He is currently involved in a divorce with his 2nd wife who filed last year.  According to Sue Ann Hamm, her husband was cheating on her.
There is no information yet if this couple had a prenuptial agreement in place, but if there was no prenup Sue Ann Hamm could be eligible to receive as much as 50% of her husband's massive 68% stake in Continental.  What that means for shareholders in Continental is that he could possible lose control over his company.
News of the divorce has already caused reverberations in the share market, and closing prices for shares of Continental dipped recently, after news of the impending divorce and the potential division of the assets went public.  According to Forbes, this is the first time in years that the magazine has come across a billionaire divorce settlement that is likely to be so massive.  The website is hinting that Sue Ann‘s share of Continental could actually touch $5 billion.
Under Oklahoma law however, this divorce is likely to undergo inequitable division, which means, the ultimate settlement will be fair to both parties.  However, there are a number of other factors that may also work in Sue Ann Hamm’s favor, including the fact that she has been married for 25 years to Hamm, they have 2 children, and also the fact that she contributed greatly to the success of the company in her earlier capacity as an executive at the company.

Wednesday, 27 February 2013

Macy's, JCPenney in Legal Battle to Sell Martha Stewart Merchandise


It is a legal battle that Los Angeles business dispute lawyers believe would get the Martha Stewart seal of approval.  Two of the country's biggest department stores Macy's and JCPenney are in court in a dispute over the rights to sell branded products by Martha Stewart.
The court is being asked to decide whether Macy's has the exclusive right to sell Martha Stewart merchandise including cookware, bedding and bath products.  The entire dispute was triggered in December 2011, when JCPenney announced a partnership with Martha Stewart.  As part of the agreement, JCPenney would open a chain of mini shops selling the domestic goddess’ products in most of its stores.  That launch is expected to take place this spring.  JCPenney also announced that it had purchased a 16.6% stake in Martha Stewart Living.
That announcement did not go unnoticed by Macy's, which immediately filed a lawsuit against Martha Stewart Living.  The lawsuit claimed that Macy's had exclusive rights to sell Martha Stewart Living’s branded products until 2018.  That deal was part of an agreement that the 2 signed back in 2007.  Macy's claims that its rights are being infringed by the newer deal between JCPenney and Martha Stewart Living.
According to Macy's, JCPenney has interfered in its relationship with Martha Stewart Living, and as a result, Macy's, which had taken tremendous risks on selling these products during recessionary economy, stands to lose.
Martha Stewart Living, in the meanwhile, insists that the decision to open mini shops in JCPenney stores selling Martha Stewart Living branded products, does not really violate the terms of the agreement with Macy's, because these mini-stores do not violate the exclusivity contract that it has with Macy's.

Sunday, 27 January 2013

Bias Settlement Could Give Social Security Applicants Chance for New Hearings


Disability applicants and Alabama Social Security lawyers know that claims denials and delays are very frequent.  As part of a settlement between the Social Security Administration and a group of plaintiffs with debilitating medical conditions who claimed that their applications for Social Security were unfairly denied, these plaintiffs may get another chance at claims hearings.
The settlement came between thousands of plaintiffs in New York, who claimed in their lawsuit that they had been subjected to hostility and bias in their claims.  The allegations were made against 5 administrative law judges in Queens, New York.  The Queens Social Security office has a reputation for one of the highest claims denial rates in the country.  According to some data, close to 50 percent of the claims filed between 2005 and 2009, were denied. 
The lawsuit alleged that the judges frequently belittled the debilitating conditions that the applicants suffered, and made fun of them.  The applicants were insulted, and were submitted to very harsh questioning by the judges. 
Under the terms of the settlement, thousands of plaintiffs who had their claims denied or partially rejected by at least one of the 5 administrative law judges named in the lawsuit, could be entitled to new hearings.  As many as 4,000 applicants are expected to benefit from new hearings.
As part of the agreement, the Social SecurityAdministration has agreed to the recertification and retraining of all 5 administrative law judges who had been mentioned in their lawsuit.  Further, the Social Security Administration will also monitor the decisions made by these judges to track any signs of misconduct. The Social Security Administration has also agreed to enact new anti-discrimination policies to prevent such outrages in the future.