Tuesday, 31 January 2012

C.diff Infections Can Be Treated by Enema Transplants

According to a new study, patients who have contracted a deadly hospital-acquired infection caused by the C. diff microorganism may benefit greatly from fecal transplant procedures. It's a gruesome-sounding procedure, but Arizona medical malpractice lawyers are intrigued by the high 9 out of 10 success rate of the procedure.

The infection is caused by the bacterium clostridium difficile, which can cause a dramatic loss of weight, and chronic diarrhea. In severe cases, C. diff infections can lead to other complications, like kidney failure and even a hole in the colon. Treatment is typically a course of antibiotic therapy, and most patients will recover after taking antibiotics. However, in some cases, a patient who has contracted C. diff infection may find that the infection does not respond to treatment, or may recur. In such cases, doctors believe that a fecal transplant could help.

Fecal transplant as the name suggests, is the transplant of fecal matter from a healthy patient into one who suffers from C. diff. A study was conducted by researchers in Canada, who asked healthy volunteers to donate their fecal matter. The fecal matter was then diluted in water, and transplanted into 27 patients who suffered from C. diff infections and did not recover in spite of antibiotic therapy. The transplants were done via enema.

The researchers found that, out of the 27 patients, almost everybody, except 2 patients, recovered from symptoms after the procedure. Most of the patients recovered as quickly as within a day of the procedure.

The higher healing rate with this therapy is good news, especially considering the high rate of serious C. diff infections in recent months. According to researchers, the rate of C. diff infections increased by three times between 1996 and 2005.